PlantProm: Plant Promoter Database
For short description of RegSite, the database of plant regulatory sites, click here.
A Database of Plant Promoter Sequences
PlantProm DB was initially developed as an annotated, non-redundant collection of proximal promoter sequences for RNA polymerase II with experimentally determined transcription start site(s), TSS, from various plant species. The first release of DB, 2002.01, developed by the Department of Computer Science at Royal Holloway, University of London, in collaboration with Softberry Inc. (USA), is available at http://mendel.cs.rhul.ac.uk/mendel.php . It contained 305 entries from monocot, dicot and other plants.
The new release of PlantProm DB contains 578 unrelated entries including 151, 396 and 31 promoters with experimentally verified TSS from monocot, dicot and other plants, respectively.In comparison with promoter sets, where TSSs, identified by applying full-length cDNA/5;-5'ESTs mapping, CAGE and SAGE approaches, remain to be confirmed by direct experimental evidence, this DB and The Eukaryotic Promoter Database (134 unrelated plant promoters; see:http://www.epd.isb-sib.ch/ ) present the published promoter sequences with TSS(s) determined by direct experimental approaches and therefore serve as the most accurate sources for development of computational promoter prediction tools (for example, see: TSSP-TCM, TSSP, FPROM, CONPRO). For collecting experimentally verified plant gene promoters the following criteria was followed.
Moreover, 3503 and 4220 promoters with TSS predicted by mapping full-length cDNAs on genomic sequences from Arabidopsis and rice were added to new release of DB.
Totally, 8301 entries of plant promoters are available in current release of PlantProm DB.
PlantProm DB provides the following information.
1. DNA sequence of 576 experimentally verified (annotated) and 7723 mapped promoter regions [-200:+51], with annotated or mapped TSS on the fixed position +201, from various plant species, in the FASTA format, including:
2. Taxonomic and promoter type classification of promoters, including:
3. Nucleotide Frequency Matrices for canonical promoter elements (TATA-box, CCAAT- box, and TSS-motif or Initiator element, Inr), including:
4 . Nucleotide composition of promoter regions before [-200:-1] and after [+1:+51] TSS in various promoter collections.
6 . Statistically Significant Motifs of 1577 known Plant Transcription Regulatory Elements and their Consensuses found in Promoter Sequences:
7 . Short description of the computation of nucleotide frequency matrices for various promoter elements
8 . HELP for downloading data
 Ilham A. Shahmuradov, Alex J. Gammerman, John M. Hancock, Peter M. Bramley and Victor V. Solovyev (2003) PlantProm: a database of plant promoter sequences. Nucleic Acids Res., 31, 114-117.
 Amina U. Abdulazimova, Nurmamed Sh. Mustafayev, Yagut Yu. Akbarova, Victor V. Solovyev, Jalal A. Aliyev and Ilham A. Shahmuradov (2009) PlantProm DB, Release 2009.02 : plant promoter sequences. Nucleic Acids Res. (submitted).